The increasing amount of data being used for day-to-day operations in various locations by organizations has led to the need for a new approach to securing it. The importance of organizations adopting data-centric security can be summarized in three main reasons:
#1 – Network server and application security is insufficient
Business applications and network servers have inherent security vulnerabilities; even the most secure network is subjected to internal risks. Employees with access to company computers and databases may unknowingly share confidential data or access credentials with other employees when it is not directly related to their job duties or external parties that do not have authorized access, expanding the risk of data spill. This becomes increasingly common when network perimeters are hard to define in a hybrid work environment where employees work remotely or in the cloud. Direct protection of data is needed to create more barriers that repel unauthorized data distribution.
Data-centric security protects data from all kinds of threats, such as attackers who want to steal and leak confidential information, or employees who make mistakes and share sensitive information with unauthorized parties.
#2 – Data-centric security lets you have granular control over what and when users can access resources
Data-centric security is an important approach for dynamic data protection as it allows fine-grained access controls which result in more flexibility in how you manage your systems and networks than traditional access controls. Through implementing least privilege access, the subject is given only the privileges needed for it to complete its task. This means that an administrator is able to allow access to sensitive information by giving a user access to their own files on the server—without necessarily giving them full access to everything else on that server.
This framework is crucial in scenarios where not every subject should have access to function-wide data within their department. For example, a user in the HR department in Europe may only need to view employee details in his local region that aligns with his job function, however, shouldn’t have access to other regions that do not pertain to his role as a European HR manager.
#3 – Can be layered on top of existing systems
Data-centric security can be layered on top of existing systems so that large-scale changes are not necessary. Companies may already have strong authentication and encryption policies, but as time goes on, these policies need to evolve with the security landscape. By adding data-centric security layers to an organization’s existing infrastructure, you can ensure that your company’s data is protected from cyber threats while also freeing up resources for other purposes.
Data-centric security is also easier to implement gradually than traditional cybersecurity solutions because it does not require large-scale changes in order to function. Instead of making drastic changes like migrating systems or replacing software programs, data-centric security can simply be added onto existing infrastructure without excessive disruption to normal operations.